Evaluation of different captive bolt lengths and breed influence upon post-stun hind limb and forelimb activity in fed cattle at a commercial slaughter facility.

@article{Martin2018EvaluationOD,
  title={Evaluation of different captive bolt lengths and breed influence upon post-stun hind limb and forelimb activity in fed cattle at a commercial slaughter facility.},
  author={Miriam S Martin and Helen C Kline and Dana R Wagner and Lacey R Alexander and Lily N Edwards-Callaway and Temple Grandin},
  journal={Meat science},
  year={2018},
  volume={143},
  pages={
          159-164
        }
}
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of captive bolt length and breed type on post-stun leg activity in cattle. A total of 2850 Holstein (HOL) and non-Holstein British/Continental bred (NHOL) steers and heifers were observed post-stunning at a large commercial slaughter facility. A pneumatically powered penetrating captive bolt stunner was used with three different bolt lengths: CON, 15.24 cm; MED, 16.51 cm; and LON, 17.78 cm. Hind limb kicking, forelimb activity, take away… CONTINUE READING