Evaluation of botanical extracts against Haemaphysalis bispinosa Neumann and Hippobosca maculata Leach

@article{Zahir2010EvaluationOB,
  title={Evaluation of botanical extracts against Haemaphysalis bispinosa Neumann and Hippobosca maculata Leach},
  author={Abdul Abduz Zahir and Abdul Abdul Rahuman and Asokan Bagavan and Thirunavukkarasu Santhoshkumar and Razack Rafi Mohamed and Chinnaperumal Kamaraj and Govindasamy Rajakumar and Gandhi Elango and Chidambaram Jayaseelan and Sampath Marimuthu},
  journal={Parasitology Research},
  year={2010},
  volume={107},
  pages={585-592}
}
In the current study, in vitro evaluation of crude hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol extracts of Anisomeles malabarica (L.) R. Br., Gloriosa superba L., Psidium guajava L., Ricinus communis L., and Solanum trilobatum L. exhibited acaricidal and insecticidal activities against the adult of Haemaphysalis bispinosa Neumann (Acarina: Ixodidae) and hematophagous fly Hippobosca maculata Leach (Diptera: Hippoboscidae). All plant extracts showed moderate toxic effect on parasites… 
Efficacy of adulticidal and larvicidal properties of botanical extracts against Haemaphysalis bispinosa, Hippobosca maculata, and Anopheles subpictus
TLDR
This study provides the first report on the adulticidal and larvicidal activity of crude solvent extracts of dried leaf hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol extracts of Nelumbo nucifera, Manilkara zapota, Ipomoea staphylina, and Acalypha indica against the adults of Haemaphysalis bispinosa and Hip.
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Botanical insecticides are promising pest control agents. This research investigated the novel pesticidal efficacy of Araucaria heterophylla and Commiphora molmol extracts against four ectoparasites
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All plant extracts showed moderate parasitic effects after 24 h of exposure at 3,000 ppm; however, the highest parasite mortality was found in leaf ethyl acetate, flower methanol of C. torvum, and seed acetone of T. chebula against the adult of H. cervi and the nymph of D. caprae.
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