[Evaluation of an immunochromatography test using enzyme immunoassay for rapid detection of influenza A and B viruses].

Abstract

We evaluated the performance of an improved version of Espline Influenza A & B-N (Fujirebio Inc., Japan), an immunochromatography test using enzyme immunoassay for rapid diagnosis of influenza A and B. The test produced positive results for four strains of influenza viruses and thirty-one influenza viral antigens and negative results for all of thirty strains of other respiratory viruses that were tested. The detection limit of this test was 5.8 x 10(2) to 5.8 x 10(3) pfu/assay, which is more sensitive than the old version of Espline. Furthermore, 715 respiratory specimens collected from the patients (children, 79.4%; adults, 18.5%; unknown, 2.1%) with influenza-like illnesses during the 2002/2003 influenza season in Japan were tested as part of a clinical evaluation of this test. The relative performance of this test compared to cell culture and nested RT-PCR results were examined. In the cell cultures, influenza viruses were detected in 488 of the 715 specimens (overall, 68.3%; AH3, 41.7%; B, 26.4%; AH3 and B, 0.1%). For influenza A, the sensitivity of this test was 95.4% (125/131) for nasal aspirates, 96.8% (92/95) for nasal swabs, and 85.1% (63/74) for throat swabs. For influenza B, the sensitivity of this test was 91.2% (52/57) for nasal aspirates, 88.1% (59/67) for nasal swabs, and 71.6% (48/67) for throat swabs. The new test exhibited a remarkably higher sensitivity to influenza A in throat swabs than the old version of Espline. Only two false positive results were obtained out of a total of 223 virus negative specimens; the specificity of the test was 100% (88/88) for nasal aspirates, 97.6% (81/83) for nasal swabs, and 100% (52/52) for throat swabs. We conclude that the new Espline Influenza A&B-N rapid diagnostic test is easy to use and has a high sensitivity and specificity, especially for influenza A.

Cite this paper

@article{Mitamura2004EvaluationOA, title={[Evaluation of an immunochromatography test using enzyme immunoassay for rapid detection of influenza A and B viruses].}, author={Keiko Mitamura and Masahiko Yamazaki and Masataka Ichikawa and Kazuhiro Kimura and Chiharu Kawakami and Hideaki Shimizu and Sumi Watanabe and Mitsunobu Imai and Masayoshi Shinjo and Yoshinao Takeuchi and Norio Sugaya}, journal={Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases}, year={2004}, volume={78 7}, pages={597-603} }