[Evaluation of a swiveling seat to reduce the physical load on forklift drivers].

Abstract

Many forklift drivers have musculoskeletal disorders such as low back pain related to poor work posture and whole-body vibration. With a forklift operator's seat capable of 45-degree swiveling, we evaluated the physical reduction in the load in 10 subjects working in a back-looking position by means of surface electromyography (EMG) and the angle of rotation of the trunk and neck regions. The amplitude of surface EMG on the trapezius, erector spinae, and latissimus dorsi muscles in looking back or maintaining a back-looking position decreased with a swiveling seat compared to the stationary seat. Nevertheless, there was little alleviation of the amplitude of surface EMG on the sternocleidomastoid muscle in maintaining a back-looking posture and no decrease in looking back. The angle of rotation of the trunk maintaining a back-looking position was decreased greatly with the swiveling seat, but no decrease in the rotation angle of the neck was seen. Our study suggests that a swiveling seat is effective in reducing the physical load on the forklift driver during back-looking operations, and this may lead to the prevention of low back pain.

Cite this paper

@article{Taoda2002EvaluationOA, title={[Evaluation of a swiveling seat to reduce the physical load on forklift drivers].}, author={Kazushi Taoda and Hiroji Tsujimura and Teruyo Kitahara and Katsuo Nishiyama}, journal={Sangyō eiseigaku zasshi = Journal of occupational health}, year={2002}, volume={44 5}, pages={180-7} }