Evaluation of a phosphonate BIS-GMA resin as a bracket adhesive.

@article{Rux1991EvaluationOA,
  title={Evaluation of a phosphonate BIS-GMA resin as a bracket adhesive.},
  author={W Rux and Robert L Cooley and Jason L. Hicks},
  journal={Quintessence international},
  year={1991},
  volume={22 1},
  pages={57-60}
}
Panavia is a modified phosphate ester of dimethacrylate that purportedly forms a strong bond to tooth structure and to metals. The ability of this adhesive to bond orthodontic brackets to enamel was compared to the bond strengths of a no-mix bracket adhesive and a paste/paste autopolymerizing composite resin. Panavia did not form a bond as strong as that achieved by the bracket adhesive but was stronger than the composite resin.