Evaluation of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase enzyme expression effect on survival of patients with Grade 4 brain astrocytoma

Abstract

BACKGROUND High-grade astrocytoma (Grade 4) or glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are deadly brain tumors. New therapies attempt to increase lifetime and quality of life in patients with malignant astrocytoma. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) enzyme expression may be effective in prognosis and response to treatment of these patients. The aim of this study was assessment of MGMT enzyme expression in patients with astrocytoma Grade 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study, 48 patients with GBM that were treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were investigated and followed-up for 47 months for the survival rate. Pathology blocks of patients were examined for MGMT enzyme expression using immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS The patients were 34 males and 14 females. The ages ranged from 24 to 77 years, with a mean age of 53.52 ± 13.39 years. There was no significant difference between two groups (positive and negative MGMT enzyme expression) in overall survival (median [range] 11.5 [4-30] vs. 13 [5-22], P = 0.9). The results of our study showed that patients although who were undergone near total surgery had higher overall survival than the group of patients who had biopsy only however, it was not significant. Patients who were treated with temozolomide (TMZ) (Temodal, Merck Canada) had significant overall median survival (14.5) more than the patients who were treated with Procarbazine (Roche, Swiss)-Lomustine (Lilly, USA)-Vincristine (Lilly, USA) regimen (8.75) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase enzyme expression had no effect on survival of patients with Grade 4 brain astrocytoma TMZ may increase survival rate.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Hemati2014EvaluationOO, title={Evaluation of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase enzyme expression effect on survival of patients with Grade 4 brain astrocytoma}, author={Simin Hemati and Ali Sayadi and Parvin Mahzooni and Mehry Sirous}, booktitle={Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences}, year={2014} }