Comparative study on the shaping ability and cleaning efficiency of rotary Mtwo instruments. Part 2. Cleaning effectiveness and shaping ability in severely curved root canals of extracted teeth.
The purpose of this study using a scanning electron microscope was to investigate the efficacy of four different irrigation techniques after canal preparation with Profile Ni-Ti rotary instruments. A modified technique for the use of Glyde File Prep is proposed. Forty anterior teeth were divided into four groups, instrumented, and irrigated as follows: physiological solution (group A), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (group B), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and Glyde File Prep (group C), and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and Glyde File Prep applied at the end of the preparation with sterile paper points (group D). After scanning electron microscopic evaluation at three different levels, debris, smear layer, and dentinal tubules were scored. Groups A and B had significantly more smear layer and less open tubules on the canal walls compared with the group C and group D samples. Differences in the mean amount of debris between group A samples and other irrigation regimes were statistically significant.