Evaluation of Frova, single‐use intubation introducer, in a manikin. Comparison with Eschmann multiple‐use introducer and Portex single‐use introducer *

@article{Hodovi2004EvaluationOF,
  title={Evaluation of Frova, single‐use intubation introducer, in a manikin. Comparison with Eschmann multiple‐use introducer and Portex single‐use introducer *},
  author={Iljaz Hod{\vz}ovi{\'c} and Ian Peter Latto and Antony Robert Wilkes and J. E. Hall and William W. Mapleson},
  journal={Anaesthesia},
  year={2004},
  volume={59}
}
In a randomised cross‐over study, 48 anaesthetists attempted to place a Frova single‐use introducer, an Eschmann multiple‐use introducer and a Portex single‐use introducer in the trachea of a manikin set up to simulate a grade 3 laryngoscopic view. The anaesthetists were blinded to success (tracheal placement) or failure (oesophageal placement). Successful placement (proportion, 95% confidence interval) of either the Frova introducer (65%, 50–77%) or the Eschmann introducer (60%, 46–73%) was… Expand
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