Evaluation of Etorphine and Midazolam Anesthesia, and the Effect of Intravenous Butorphanol on Cardiopulmonary Parameters in Game-ranched White Rhinoceroses (ceratotherium Simum).

@article{Langhout2016EvaluationOE,
  title={Evaluation of Etorphine and Midazolam Anesthesia, and the Effect of Intravenous Butorphanol on Cardiopulmonary Parameters in Game-ranched White Rhinoceroses (ceratotherium Simum).},
  author={Martine van Zijll Langhout and Charles G. B. Caraguel and Jacobus P. Raath and Wayne Stuart Boardman},
  journal={Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians},
  year={2016},
  volume={47 3},
  pages={827-833}
}
Nineteen white rhinoceroses ( Ceratotherium simum ) were anesthetized with 4 mg of etorphine hydrochloride; 35-40 mg of midazolam; and 7,500 international units of hyaluronidase for dehorning purposes at a game ranch in South Africa, to investigate this anesthetic combination. Median time to recumbency was 548 sec (range 361-787 sec). Good muscle relaxation and no muscle rigidity or tremors were observed in 18 animals, and only 1 individual showed slight tremors. In addition, all animals… CONTINUE READING
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