Evaluating the role of smokeless tobacco use indices as brief measures of dependence.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION There is considerable interest in using brief measures of dependence for evaluation and treatment of tobacco dependence. The Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) is a validated measure of dependence among cigarette smokers. However, a similar index has not been studied among ST users. The aim of this study is to develop similar ST use indices and… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.02.019

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