Evaluating the relationship between explicit and implicit knowledge in a sequential reaction time task.

@article{Shanks1999EvaluatingTR,
  title={Evaluating the relationship between explicit and implicit knowledge in a sequential reaction time task.},
  author={David R. Shanks and Theresa Johnstone},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={1999},
  volume={25 6},
  pages={1435-51}
}
Can knowledge underlying a simple perceptual-motor skill be unconscious? Three experiments (a) trained participants on a 4-choice reaction time (RT) task in which the stimulus on each trial was determined by a repeating 12-element sequence and (b) studied the extent to which participants' knowledge of this sequence was implicit, that is, unavailable for conscious access. Participants proved via an indirect test to have acquired knowledge of the sequence, because their RTs increased when the… CONTINUE READING
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