Evaluating the effectiveness of low level laser and cupping on low back pain by checking the plasma cortisol level

Abstract

Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is effective in a lot of clinical treatments, but the photobiological basis of this therapy is not well understood. From our previous study, the effectiveness of laser acupuncture (LA) and cupping applied on low back pain (LBP) has been proved. However, the variation of the plasma cortisol level is unknown. Thus, this study… (More)

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