Evaluating the Small Population Paradigm for Rare Large-Bodied Woodpeckers, with Implications for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker Évaluation du paradigme des petites populations pour les pics de grande taille et implications pour le Pic à bec ivoire

  title={Evaluating the Small Population Paradigm for Rare Large-Bodied Woodpeckers, with Implications for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker {\'E}valuation du paradigme des petites populations pour les pics de grande taille et implications pour le Pic {\`a} bec ivoire},
  author={Brady J. Mattsson and Rua S. Mordecai and Michael J. Conroy and James T. Peterson and Robert J. Cooper and Hans J{\o}rgen Christensen},
Six large-bodied, ≥ 120 g, woodpecker species are listed as near-threatened to critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The small population paradigm assumes that these populations are likely to become extinct without an increase in numbers, but the combined influences of initial population size and demographic rates, i.e., annual adult survival and fecundity, may drive population persistence for these species. We applied a stochastic, stage-based… 

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