Evaluating rare earth element availability: a case with revolutionary demand from clean technologies.

  title={Evaluating rare earth element availability: a case with revolutionary demand from clean technologies.},
  author={Elisa Alonso and Andrew M Sherman and Timothy J. Wallington and Mark P Everson and Frank R. Field and Richard M. Roth and Randolph E Kirchain},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  volume={46 6},
The future availability of rare earth elements (REEs) is of concern due to monopolistic supply conditions, environmentally unsustainable mining practices, and rapid demand growth. We present an evaluation of potential future demand scenarios for REEs with a focus on the issue of comining. Many assumptions were made to simplify the analysis, but the scenarios identify some key variables that could affect future rare earth markets and market behavior. Increased use of wind energy and electric… CONTINUE READING
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