Evaluating pleural effusions. How should you go about finding the cause?


Although many pulmonary and systemic diseases are known to cause pleural effusions, analysis of the pleural fluid pinpoints the cause in most cases. Distinguishing pleural transudates from exudates is an important step. Transudate effusions are caused by a small, well-defined group of illnesses (e.g., cirrhosis, congestive heart failure). Exudative… (More)


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