Evaluating faith after conversion

  title={Evaluating faith after conversion},
  author={Elina Inkeri Hartikainen},
  journal={Approaching Religion},
In 2017, the Finnish Immigration Service received approximately 1,000 asylum applications and appeals based on conversion from Islam to Christianity. The applications claimed that converted asylum seekers would face mortal danger if returned to their countries of origin. The applications posed an unprecedented dilemma for the Finnish Immigration Service: how was it, as a secular state institution, to evaluate these claims of conversion? This question also became an object of significant public… 


Secularism, Sovereignty, Indeterminacy: Is Egypt a Secular or a Religious State?
  • H. Agrama
  • Philosophy
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 2010
In this essay I offer a thesis about secularism as a modern historical phenomenon, through a consideration of state politics, law, and religion in contemporary Egypt. Egypt seems hardly a place for
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