Evaluating Neanderthal Genetics and Phylogeny

@article{Hebsgaard2006EvaluatingNG,
  title={Evaluating Neanderthal Genetics and Phylogeny},
  author={Martin Bay Hebsgaard and Carsten Wiuf and M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Henrik Glenner and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
  year={2006},
  volume={64},
  pages={50-60}
}
The retrieval of Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalsensis) mitochondrial DNA is thought to be among the most significant ancient DNA contributions to date, allowing conflicting hypotheses on modern human (Homo sapiens) evolution to be tested directly. [] Key Result Using Bayesian inference and the largest dataset to date, we find strong support for a monophyletic Neanderthal clade outside the diversity of contemporary humans, in agreement with the expectations of the Out-of-Africa replacement model of modern…
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