Eutrophication and Recovery in Experimental Lakes: Implications for Lake Management

@article{Schindler1974EutrophicationAR,
  title={Eutrophication and Recovery in Experimental Lakes: Implications for Lake Management},
  author={David W. Schindler},
  journal={Science},
  year={1974},
  volume={184},
  pages={897 - 899}
}
  • D. Schindler
  • Published 24 May 1974
  • Environmental Science
  • Science
Combinations of phosphorus, nitrogen, and carbon were added to several small lakes in northwestern Ontario, Canada, at rates similar to those in many culturally eutrophied lakes. Phosphate and nitrate caused rapid eutrophication. A similar result was obtained with phosphate, ammonia, and sucrose, but recovery was almost immediate when phosphate additions only were discontinued. When two basins of one lake were fertilized with equal amounts of nitrate and sucrose, and phosphorus was also added… 

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  • D. Schindler
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    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
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It is concluded that long-term, whole-ecosystem experiments and case histories of lake recovery provide the only reliable evidence for policies to reduce eutrophication and the case for phosphorus control has been strengthened.
...

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