European summer temperature response to annually dated volcanic eruptions over the past nine centuries

  title={European summer temperature response to annually dated volcanic eruptions over the past nine centuries},
  author={Jan Esper and Lea Schneider and Paul J Krusic and J{\"u}rg Luterbacher and Ulf B{\"u}ntgen and Mauri Timonen and Frank Sirocko and Eduardo Zorita},
  journal={Bulletin of Volcanology},
The drop in temperature following large volcanic eruptions has been identified as an important component of natural climate variability. However, due to the limited number of large eruptions that occurred during the period of instrumental observations, the precise amplitude of post-volcanic cooling is not well constrained. Here we present new evidence on summer temperature cooling over Europe in years following volcanic eruptions. We compile and analyze an updated network of tree-ring maximum… 

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A reconstruction of summer temperatures during two millennia in Northern Fennoscandia has been studied and 79 abrupt cold periods have been identified. Data regarding the volcanic eruptions are not a



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Surface climate responses to explosive volcanic eruptions seen in long European temperature records and mid-to-high latitude tree-ring density around the Northern Hemisphere

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We analyse the winter and summer climatic signal following 15 major tropical volcanic eruptions over the last half millennium based on multi‐proxy reconstructions for Europe. During the first and

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Major explosive volcanic eruptions inject ash and gas into the upper atmosphere, producing aerosol layers which can affect the global energy balance and climate1. Empirical studies have shown that

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[1] Explosive volcanism is known to be a leading natural cause of climate change. The second half of the 13th century was likely the most volcanically perturbed half-century of the last 2000 years,

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Climate simulations suggest that strong tropical volcanic eruptions (SVEs) induce decadal dynamical responses in the coupled ocean‐atmosphere system, which protract the climate recovery beyond the

Arctic Oscillation response to volcanic eruptions in the IPCC AR4 climate models

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