European species of Hypocrea Part I. The green-spored species

  title={European species of Hypocrea Part I. The green-spored species},
  author={Walter M Jaklitsch},
  journal={Studies in Mycology},
  pages={1 - 91}
At present 75 species of Hypocrea have been identified in temperate Europe. [] Key Method Cultures were prepared from ascospores and used to study the morphology of cultures and anamorphs, to determine growth rates, and to extract DNA that was used for amplification and sequencing of three genetic markers. ITS was used for identification, while RNA polymerase II subunit b (rpb2) and translation elongation factor 1 alpha (tef1) were analyzed for phylogenetic reconstruction of the genus.SEVERAL UNEXPECTED…
European species of Hypocrea part II: species with hyaline ascospores
The 56 hyaline-spored species of Hypocrea/Trichoderma are here described in detail and illustrated in colour plates, including cultures and anamorphs, to avoid numerous new combinations in future when they may be possibly used as holomorphic names if the ICBN is altered accordingly.
The rise and fall of Sarawakus (Hypocreaceae, Ascomycota)
All species currently recognized in Sarawakus are transferred to Trichoderma, introducing the new combinations T. trachycarpum and the new name T. britannicum.
Taxon-specific metagenomics of Trichoderma reveals a narrow community of opportunistic species that regulate each other’s development
It is suggested that only a relatively small portion of Hypocrea/Trichoderma species is adapted to soil as a habitat and that the interaction between these species should be considered in a screening for Hypoc Andrea/Trishoderma as an agent(s) of biological control of pests.
Phylogenetic relationships of five genera of Xylariales and Rosasphaeria gen. nov. (Hypocreales)
The phylogenetic relationships of two fungi forming superficial stromata are clarified: Collodiscula japonica belongs to the Xylariaceae, while Melogramma campylosporum may currently be interpreted as representing a family of its own, the Melogrammataceae.
Re-evaluation of Hypocrea pseudogelatinosa and H. pseudostraminea isolated from shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) cultivation in Korea and Japan
This study reports the first phylogenetic analyses of H. pseudogelatinosa and Japanese strains ofH.
Two new species of the genus Collodiscula (Xylariaceae) from China
Two species similar to Collodiscula were found on bamboo during studies of Xylariaceae in Guizhou Province, China and are introduced in this paper with micrographs and descriptions and compared with C. japonica.
New Species of Trichoderma Isolated as Endophytes and Saprobes from Southwest China
23 new species of Trichoderma are recognized by further studies, and their phylogenetic positions are determined by sequence analyses of the combined partial sequences of translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1) and gene encoding of the second largest nuclear RNA polymerase subunit (rpb2).
Three New Soil-inhabiting Species of Trichoderma in the Stromaticum Clade with Test of Their Antagonism to Pathogens
During the field investigations of northern, central, and southwestern China, three new species in the Stromaticum clade were encountered from soil, and named as T. hebeiense, T. sichuanense, and T. verticillatum.
Morphology-Based Characterization of Trichoderma Species
It is mentioned that still traditional morphology-based classification is authorized in the diverse classification of Fungi, and Microscopic observations are commonly applied in fungal research and commercial laboratories.
Trichoderma: Genomic Aspects of Mycoparasitism and Biomass Degradation
Species of Trichoderma (teleomorph Hypocrea, Hypocreales, Ascomycota, Dykaria) are among the most frequent mitosporic fungi commonly detected in cultivation-based surveys. They have been isolated


Hypocrea crystalligena sp. nov., a common European species with a white-spored Trichoderma anamorph.
The new species Hypocrea crystalligena (Hypocreales, Ascomycota, Fungi) is described as a holomorph and characterized based on an integrated phenotypic and phylogenetic approach, using teleomorph and
Systematics of Hypocrea citrina and related taxa
Historical information and results obtained in this study provide the foundation for selection of a lectotype specimen from Fries's herbarium for H. citrina that conforms to Persoon's description of a yellow effuse fungus occurring on leaf litter.
Reconsideration of Protocrea (Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae)
The genus Protocrea is redefined, based on holotype and fresh specimens of its type species P. farinosa, using morphology of teleomorph and anamorph and phylogenetic analyses of rpb2 sequences, to suggest the existence of three well defined and three still unnamed species.
Hypocrea voglmayrii sp. nov. from the Austrian Alps represents a new phylogenetic clade in Hypocrea/Trichoderma.
The holomorph of the new species Hypocrea voglmayrii (Hypocreales, Ascomycota, Fungi) is described by a combined approach, using morphology of the teleomorph, morphology of the anamorph, culture
Hypocrea rufa/Trichoderma viride: a reassessment, and description of five closely related species with and without warted conidia
The type species of the genus Hypocrea, H. rufa, is re-defined and epitypified using a combination of phenotype (morphology of teleomorphs and anamorphs, and characteristics in culture) and phylogenetic analyses of the translation-elongation factor 1α gene.
Hypocrea virens sp. nov., the teleomorph of Trichoderma virens
Molecular and morphological data confirm the connection between H. virens and T. viren and form a monophyletic group that is different from other examined species of Hypocrea; this clade is supported by a 100% bootstrap value.
Hypocrea/Trichoderma (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae): species with green ascospores.
The present study showed that phenotypic characters alone are generally not helpful in understanding phylogenetic relationships in this group of organisms, because teleomorph characters are generally highly conserved and anamorph characters tend to be morphologically divergent within monophyletic lineages or clades.
Multilocus phylogenetic structure within the Trichoderma harzianum/Hypocrea lixii complex.
Hypocrea seppoi, a new stipitate species from Finland.
This work confirms the congenerity of Podostroma and Podocrea with Hypocrea on molecular phylogenetic grounds using sequences of the nuclear genes coding for RNA polymerase II subunit b (rpb2), translation elongation factor 1 alpha (tef1), and endochitinase (chi15-8).
Hypocrea atroviridis sp. nov., the teleomorph of Trichoderma atroviride
It is suggested that genes controlling the expression of the teleomorph and anamorph evolve at different rates and that the genes controlling expression ofThe teleomorph are more conserved than are those controlling theexpression of the anamorph.