European newts establish in Australia, marking the arrival of a new amphibian order

  title={European newts establish in Australia, marking the arrival of a new amphibian order},
  author={Reid Tingley and Andrew R. Weeks and Adam S. Smart and Anthony R. van Rooyen and Andrew P. Woolnough and Michael A. McCarthy},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
We document the successful establishment of a European newt (Lissotriton vulgaris) in south-eastern Australia, the first recorded case of a caudate species establishing beyond its native geographic range in the southern hemisphere. Field surveys in south-eastern Australia detected L. vulgaris at six sites, including four sites where the species had been detected 15 months earlier. Larvae were detected at three sites. Individuals had identical NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 and cytb mtDNA gene… 
Herps without borders: a new newt case and a review of transalpine alien introductions in western Europe
Molecular tools are used to characterize the understudied case of the Mediterranean smooth newt expanding in the outskirts of Geneva since its introduction before 1975 and suggest that these exotic populations are a mixture between two diverged L. v. meridionalis lineages from central Italy, and traces of potential hybridization with the native L. vulgaris was detected.
Provenance of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata: Salamandridae) introductions to France and New Zealand assessed by mitochondrial DNA analysis
The malicious translocation and establishment of the alpine newt (Ichthyosaura alpestris) to its virtual antipode in North Island of New Zealand is reported and network analysis of mitochondrial DNA haplotypes is used to identify the original source population as I. a.
A review of potential alpine newt (Ichthyosaura alpestris) impacts on native frogs in New Zealand
Alpine newts need eradicating from New Zealand as soon as possible, while the status of captive-held fire-bellied newts also requires review, given their disease risk and their potential for release into the wild.
Human-Assisted Invasions of Pacific Islands by Litoria Frogs: A Case Study of the Bleating Tree Frog on Lord Howe Island
The bleating tree frog (Litoria dentata) is native to mainland eastern Australia, but was accidentally introduced to LHI in the 1990s, yet its ecology and potential impact on LHI has remained unstudied.
Patterns of niche filling and expansion across the invaded ranges of an Australian lizard
The results suggest that the extent to which realized niches are maintained during invasion does not depend on species-level traits, and that fully capturing species’ responses along climatic gradients by basing ENMs on native distributions may be more important for accurate invasion forecasts than incorporating phylogenetic differentiation, or integrating niche changes in the invaded range.
Alien Smooth Newts (Lissotriton vulgaris) in Australia Are Infected with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis but Test Negative for Ranaviruses
Smooth newts (Lissotriton vulgaris) established recently in Melbourne, Australia were tested for two pathogens driving the global amphibian extinction crisis; the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and ranaviruses were identified.
Using genetic data to predict the vulnerability of a native predator to a toxic invader
It is suggested that cane toads may imperil populations of this iconic predator, and detailed behavioural and ecological studies are warranted, as genetic data provide a rapid, non-invasive way to clarify the vulnerability of as-yet-unstudied taxa.
Identifying hotspots of alien plant naturalisation in Australia: approaches and predictions
Improved understanding of factors that contribute to naturalisation risk enhances allocation of surveillance effort, thereby detecting novel species sooner, and increasing the likelihood of their eventual eradication.
Growing up in a new world: trait divergence between rural, urban, and invasive populations of an amphibian urban invader
Cities are focal points of introduction for invasive species. Urban evolution might facilitate the success of invasive species in recipient urban habitats. Here we test this hypothesis by rearing
New aliens in Australia: 18 years of vertebrate interceptions
Abstract Context Australia has a high diversity of endemic vertebrate fauna. Yet, transnational human activities continue to increase the rate of transportation, introduction and establishment of new


Field Guide to the Frogs of Australia
This second edition of Field Guide to the Frogs of Australia provides fully updated accounts of all the known frogs of Australia, with details of size, status, distribution, habitat, behaviour, behaviour and advertisement call.
Phylogeography of two European newt species — discordance between mtDNA and morphology
Patterns of sequence variation within clades suggested long‐term demographic stability in the southern groups, moderate and relatively old demographic growth in the populations inhabiting central Europe, and high growth in some of the groups that colonized northern parts of Europe after the last glacial maximum.
Spring migration distances of some Central European amphibian species
The results could be used for the estimation of the extent of the influence on amphibian populations in cases of transection or other habitat degradation in the vicinity of their reproduction ponds, and on the overall distribution of migration distances in different habitats.
The frog filter: amphibian introduction bias driven by taxonomy, body size and biogeography
Aim Invasive species often exhibit a highly non-random suite of traits relative to non-invasive taxa, and these biases reflect strong selection at a series of steps along the invasion pathway.Here we
The Ecological Impact of Invasive Cane Toads (Bufo Marinus) in Australia
  • R. Shine
  • Environmental Science
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 2010
A review of these studies suggests that a single pathwaylethal toxic ingestion of toads by frog-eating predators is the major mechanism of impact, but that the magnitude of impact varies dramatically among predator taxa, as well as through space and time.
Exotic taxa less related to native species are more invasive.
  • S. StraussC. WebbN. Salamin
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
Using a phylogenetic supertree of all grass species in California, it is shown that highly invasive grass species are, on average, significantly less related to native grasses than are introduced but noninvasive grasses.
Newts and Salamanders of Europe
The author examines the life-style of newts and salamanders in folklore, and the relationships between the living tailed amphibians and the environment.
Within‐taxon niche structure: niche conservatism, divergence and predicted effects of climate change
Two divergent datasets are addressed, one on sister species and subspecies from the European herpetofauna, the other on subspecies of breeding birds in North America, on patterns of within-species niche variation.
Distinctiveness magnifies the impact of biological invaders in aquatic ecosystems
This work presents the first general test of the hypothesis that an invader’s impact is determined by the system’'s evolutionary experience with similar species, and compares the taxonomic distinctiveness of high- and low-impact invaders in several aquatic systems.