European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders—version 2.0. Part IV: deep brain stimulation

@article{Szejko2021EuropeanCG,
  title={European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders—version 2.0. Part IV: deep brain stimulation},
  author={Natalia Szejko and Yulia Worbe and Andreas Hartmann and Veerle Visser-Vandewalle and Linda Ackermans and Christos Ganos and Mauro Porta and Albert F.G. Leentjens and Jan Hinnerk Mehrkens and Daniel Huys and Juan Carlos Baldermann and Jens Kuhn and Carine Karachi and C{\'e}cile Delorme and Thomas Foltynie and Andrea Eugenio Cavanna and Danielle C. Cath and Kirsten R. M{\"u}ller-Vahl},
  journal={European Child \& Adolescent Psychiatry},
  year={2021},
  volume={31},
  pages={443 - 461}
}
In 2011 the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS) published its first European clinical guidelines for the treatment of Tourette Syndrome (TS) with part IV on deep brain stimulation (DBS). Here, we present a revised version of these guidelines with updated recommendations based on the current literature covering the last decade as well as a survey among ESSTS experts. Currently, data from the International Tourette DBS Registry and Database, two meta-analyses, and eight… 
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European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part IV: deep brain stimulation
TLDR
There is general agreement that, at present time, DBS should only be used in adult, treatment resistant, and severely affected patients and it is highly recommended to perform DBS in the context of controlled trials.
European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders: summary statement
TLDR
New developments described in the guidelines with respect to assessment and treatment of tics are summarized and an updated decision tree is introduced providing a practical algorithm for the treatment of patients with TS.
European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part II: pharmacological treatment
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A summary of the current consensus on pharmacological treatment options for TS in Europe to guide the clinician in daily practice is presented and is not a status quo of a clinically helpful but merely low evidence guideline.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
DBS is an effective treatment for refractory TS, although careful indication is necessary because of the surgical risks and unknown long-term outcome, and effectiveness and stimulation conditions were equivalent to international reports.
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