European Protestants Between Anti-Communism and Anti-Totalitarianism: The Other Interwar Kulturkampf?

@article{Hanebrink2017EuropeanPB,
  title={European Protestants Between Anti-Communism and Anti-Totalitarianism: The Other Interwar Kulturkampf?},
  author={Paul Hanebrink},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  year={2017},
  volume={53},
  pages={622 - 643}
}
In the late 1930s, Protestants across Europe debated how best to resist the threat of encroaching secularism and radical secular politics. Some insisted that communism remained the greatest threat to Europe’s Christian civilization, while others used new theories of totalitarianism to imagine Nazism and communism as different but equal menaces. This article explores debates about Protestantism, secularism, and communism in three locations – Hungary, Germany, and Great Britain. It concludes that… Expand