European Middle and Upper Palaeolithic radiocarbon dates are often older than they look: problems with previous dates and some remedies

@article{Higham2011EuropeanMA,
  title={European Middle and Upper Palaeolithic radiocarbon dates are often older than they look: problems with previous dates and some remedies},
  author={Thomas F.G. Higham},
  journal={Antiquity},
  year={2011},
  volume={85},
  pages={235 - 249}
}
  • T. Higham
  • Published 1 March 2011
  • Environmental Science
  • Antiquity
Few events of European prehistory are more important than the transition from ancient to modern humans around 40 000 years ago, a period that unfortunately lies near the limit of radiocarbon dating. This paper shows that as many as 70 per cent of the oldest radiocarbon dates in the literature may be too young, due to contamination by modern carbon. Future dates can be made more secure — and previous dates revised — using more refined methods of pre-treatment described here. 
The older, the better? On the radiocarbon dating of Upper Palaeolithic burials in Northern Eurasia and beyond
  • Y. Kuzmin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Antiquity
  • 2019
Abstract The reliability of radiocarbon dates for Palaeolithic human burials is of utmost importance for prehistoric archaeologists. Recently obtained dates for several such burials in central Russia
Radiocarbon dating casts doubt on the late chronology of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in southern Iberia
TLDR
Using ultrafiltration to purify faunal bone collagen before radiocarbon dating, ages at least 10 ka 14C years older are obtained, close to or beyond the limit of the radiOCarbon method for the Mousterian at Jarama VI and Neanderthal fossils at Zafarraya.
Debates over Palaeolithic chronology – the reliability of 14C is confirmed
Mid-to-late Marine Isotope Stage 3 mammal faunas of Britain: a new look
Direct dating of Neanderthal remains from the site of Vindija Cave and implications for the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition
Significance Radiocarbon dating of Neanderthal remains recovered from Vindija Cave (Croatia) initially revealed surprisingly recent results: 28,000–29,000 B.P. This implied the remains could
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