Europe's oldest jaw: evidence of oral pathology

  title={Europe's oldest jaw: evidence of oral pathology},
  author={Antonio L{\'o}pez-Valverde and M. L{\'o}pez-Cristi{\'a} and Rafael G{\'o}mez de Diego},
Atapuerca, in the north of Spain, is the archaeological site where the oldest hominid remains within Europe have been found. In 2008 a jaw fragment, corresponding to the symphyseal area, was discovered in the area called the 'Elephant's pit'. Its age has been estimated at 1.2 million years and it is considered to be the oldest human fossil found in Europe and is from the lower Pleistocene. This work analyses the dental and skeletal damage to the specimen, detected in a macroscopic study of… 
2 Citations
The role of teeth in human evolution
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Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,
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The discovery of a human mandible associated with an assemblage of Mode 1 lithic tools and faunal remains bearing traces of hominin processing in stratigraphic level TE9 at the site of the Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain emerges as the oldest, most accurately dated record of human occupation in Europe, to the authors' knowledge.
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No evidence was found to indicate that functional (traumatic) forces can act as a co-factor in the causation of angular defects, and such defects were found equally often adjacent to "nontraumatized as to "traumatized" teeth.