Europe's Last Dictatorship: The Roots and Perspectives of Authoritarianism in ‘White Russia’

  title={Europe's Last Dictatorship: The Roots and Perspectives of Authoritarianism in ‘White Russia’},
  author={David R. Marples},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  pages={895 - 908}
THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS REMAINS one of the lesser known of the former Soviet republics' and is perceived increasingly as an anomaly among European states: a throwback to Soviet times run by a president who has amended the constitution in three state-engineered referendums (1995, 1996 and 2004) that have ostensibly guaranteed him a lifetime presidency.2 He is shunned by the world's democratic powers; indeed, a former US ambassador referred to the country as 'the Cuba of Europe'3 and to President… 
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Attaching political labels to a situation whose roots transcend politics constitutes a critical weakness of Western policies vis-a-vis Belarus. The contemporary nationalist discourse in Belarus
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  • This issue is discussed in Uladzimir Padhol & David R. Marples
developed as a mainly rural nation, which largely adopted the language of its long-term colonial ruler
    The author, who is sometimes described as a historian of Belarusian origin, but is believed by many observers to have been Polish, was born in 1867 in Rechytsa district of Minsk guberniya
    • 1990
    declared that they would like to live in another country
    • 2002
    Some historians date this development to the beginning of the century; see for example Jerzy Tomaszewski
    • 1985
    Ponimanie Belarusi: ekonomika i politicheskii peizazh
    • 2004
    I have discussed this article in more detail in David R. Marples, 'Bac'ka Lukasenka: Zum Phaenomen 'charismatischer' Herrschaft
    • Osteuropa