Europe's Last Dictatorship: The Roots and Perspectives of Authoritarianism in ‘White Russia’

@article{Marples2005EuropesLD,
  title={Europe's Last Dictatorship: The Roots and Perspectives of Authoritarianism in ‘White Russia’},
  author={David R. Marples},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  year={2005},
  volume={57},
  pages={895 - 908}
}
THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS REMAINS one of the lesser known of the former Soviet republics' and is perceived increasingly as an anomaly among European states: a throwback to Soviet times run by a president who has amended the constitution in three state-engineered referendums (1995, 1996 and 2004) that have ostensibly guaranteed him a lifetime presidency.2 He is shunned by the world's democratic powers; indeed, a former US ambassador referred to the country as 'the Cuba of Europe'3 and to President… 
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References

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BELARUS IS LOCATED in the geographical centre of Europe, it suffered the highest death toll in World War II relative to its pre-war population, and it was one of the co-founders of the United
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* From Statehood to Decline and Oppression * The Emergence and Embodiment of the Belarusan National Idea * Soviet and Polish Experiences in a Divided Belarus (19211941) * Destruction by the War and
The Dynamics of the 2001 Presidential Election
  • This issue is discussed in Uladzimir Padhol & David R. Marples
developed as a mainly rural nation, which largely adopted the language of its long-term colonial ruler
    The author, who is sometimes described as a historian of Belarusian origin, but is believed by many observers to have been Polish, was born in 1867 in Rechytsa district of Minsk guberniya
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    I have discussed this article in more detail in David R. Marples, 'Bac'ka Lukasenka: Zum Phaenomen 'charismatischer' Herrschaft
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    ...
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