Eugenics and the New Genetics in Britain: Examining Contemporary Professionals' Accounts

@article{Kerr1998EugenicsAT,
  title={Eugenics and the New Genetics in Britain: Examining Contemporary Professionals' Accounts},
  author={Anne Kerr and Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Amanda Amos},
  journal={Science, Technology \& Human Values},
  year={1998},
  volume={23},
  pages={175 - 198}
}
This article explores the accounts of eugenics made by a small but important group of British scientists and clinicians working on the new genetics as applied to human health. These scientists and clinicians used special rhetorical strategies for distancing the new genetics from eugenics and to sustain their professional autonomy. They drew a number of boundaries or distinctions between eugenics and their own field, describing eugenics as politically distorted "bad science, " as being… Expand

Topics from this paper

The Old Eugenics and the New Genetics Compared
TLDR
The paper concludes that despite significant procedural, legislative and administrative differences between the old eugenics and the new genetics, and despite significant spatial, temporal and cultural variations in interpretation and implementation, at the ideological level there is essentially no difference. Expand
Between social hypocrisy and social responsibility: professional views of eugenics, disability and repro-genetics in Germany and Israel
Nazi eugenics is one of the main historical events influencing current popular as well as scholarly discussions of reproductive genetics. This influence, however, is open to different interpretationsExpand
On Ambivalence and Risk: Reflexive Modernity and the New Human Genetics
This critical examination of theories of reflexive modernity with respect to the new human genetics draws on a range of empirical studies and conceptual critiques. In it we explore the ways in whichExpand
Lay understandings of the relationship between race and genetics: Development of a collectivized knowledge through shared discourse
Throughout the past century, research into human genetics revealed the relationships between biochemistry and various human characteristics in increasing detail. At each step of this path ofExpand
Rights and Responsibilities in the New Genetics Era
This article critically explores the distribution of rights and responsibilities associated with recent developments in genetic testing and DNA donation. The author identifies two key discourses inExpand
Governmentality, biopower, and the debate over genetic enhancement.
  • L. Mcwhorter
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • The Journal of medicine and philosophy
  • 2009
TLDR
This essay seeks to demonstrate that Foucault's concept of biopower and his genealogical method are valuable as the authors consider moral questions raised by genetic enhancement technologies, and examines contemporary debate over the development, marketing, and application of such technologies. Expand
Marginalising ‘eugenic anxiety’ through a rhetoric of ‘liberal choice’: a critique of the House of Commons Select Committee Report on reproductive technologies
In light of a recent House of Commons Select Committee investigation into the regulation of human reproductive technologies, this article critically evaluates the Committee's case for a devolved,Expand
The Portrayal of Research into Genetic-Based Differences of Sex and Sexual Orientation: A Study of “Popular” Science Journals, 1980 to 1997
Genetic explanations of human differences became increasingly popular in the 1980s and 1990s. Unfortunately, there has been relatively little analysis of how the media portray the findings of geneticExpand
Schizophrenia and the Narrative of Enlightened Geneticization
  • A. Hedgecoe
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social studies of science
  • 2001
TLDR
The way in which scientists attempt to construct schizophrenia as a genetic disease using various discursive strategies produces a `narrative' about schizophrenia which subtly prioritizes genetic explanations, while appearing to allow a rôle for non-genetic factors. Expand
"Commercial revolution" of science: the complex reality and experience of genetic and genomic scientists
  • I. Ganache
  • Political Science
  • Genomics, society, and policy
  • 2006
According to advocates and authors from different disciplines interested in biomedicine, biomedical research in genetics and genomics has the potential to transform medicine, the economy, society,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 89 REFERENCES
Eugenics in Britain
  • D. MacKenzie
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social studies of science
  • 1976
TLDR
Eugenics was backed by arguments based on commonsense and medical knowledge of heredity, Darwinian biology and, increasingly, specialized scientific research. Expand
The New Genetics: Professionals' Discursive Boundaries
In this paper we examine new genetics professionals' accounts of the social context of their work. We analyse accounts given in interview by an ‘elite’ group of scientists and clinicians. Drawing onExpand
Genetics, eugenics and evolution.
  • J. Harwood
  • History, Medicine
  • British journal for the history of science
  • 1989
TLDR
The historians of biology and medicine whose work appears here share a respect for Bernard Norton's work, and many of us were fortunate to have known him personally as well, and with this volume the authors pay tribute to him. Expand
American geneticists and the eugenics movement: 1905–1935
TLDR
It is shown that between 1905 and 1935, both internal and external factors were important in producing and influencing geneticists' attitudes toward the eugenics movement. Expand
The new genetics and health: mobilizing lay expertise
TLDR
It is concluded that identifying lay people as expert in, rather than ignorant of, the way genetics may shape their lives is a fundamental first step in moving toward greater lay participation in policy discussions and, ultimately, decision making about the new genetics and health. Expand
The allure of genetic explanations.
TLDR
The recent explosion of interest in genetic explanations of human behaviour is probably the result of several additional factors, including the effort by several openly gay researchers to demonstrate the biological basis of homosexuality. Expand
Geneticists and the eugenics movement in Scandinavia.
  • N. Roll-Hansen
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • British journal for the history of science
  • 1989
TLDR
The effect of genetic research was to make eugenics more moderate, mainly because the fears and hopes were shown to be exaggerated and the expectation of rapid and large effects of eugenic policies on the gene pool likewise proved to be quite unrealistic. Expand
The biology of stupidity: genetics, eugenics and mental deficiency in the inter-war years.
  • D. Barker
  • Biology, Medicine
  • British journal for the history of science
  • 1989
TLDR
‘On the Politics and Sociology of Stupidity in The authors' Society’ argues that their discriminatory attitudes to the retarded have deep ideological roots; their social institutions tend ‘automatically’ to penalize stupidity; and repugnance often characterizes their face-to-face interactions with the stupid. Expand
Controlling Human Heredity: 1865 to the Present
In the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century, it was widely assumed that society ought to foster the breeding of those who possessed favourable traits and discourage the breeding of thoseExpand
Essay Review : Genetics, Eugenics and Society: Internalists and Externalists in Contemporary History of Science
  • G. Allen
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social studies of science
  • 1976
TLDR
The field of the history of genetics now offers the prospect of a genuine integration of internalist and externalist elements, which is less concerned with fine points in the development of the scientific ideas themselves. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...