Etiology of spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage: a meta-analysis.

  title={Etiology of spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Jian Qing Zhang and Julia Fielding and Kelly H. Zou},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  volume={167 4},
PURPOSE We determine the most common etiology of spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS A MEDLINE search of the English language literature from 1985 to 1999 revealed 47 publications and 165 cases of spontaneous renal hemorrhage meeting our study entry criteria. These criteria were presentation of raw data including imaging modality, pathological confirmation (123 cases) or long-term (greater than 2 years) (42) imaging and/or clinical followup and no history of recent trauma… CONTINUE READING
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