Etiology of empyema thoracis and parapneumonic pleural effusion in Taiwanese children and adolescents younger than 18 years of age.

@article{Lin2013EtiologyOE,
  title={Etiology of empyema thoracis and parapneumonic pleural effusion in Taiwanese children and adolescents younger than 18 years of age.},
  author={T Y Lin and Kao Pin Hwang and C C Liu and Ren Bin Tang and Ching Yuang Lin and Gwendolyn L. Gilbert and Kiran Thapa and Javier Sawchik Monegal and Jean-Yves Pirçon and Melissa K. Van Dyke and Yan Fang Liu and L M Huang and William P. Hausdorff},
  journal={The Pediatric infectious disease journal},
  year={2013},
  volume={32 4},
  pages={419-21}
}
We analyzed blood and pleural fluid samples from 89 Taiwanese children with empyema thoracis and parapneumonic pleural effusion. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the major pathogen, identified in 12 children by bacterial culture and 53 children by molecular techniques, and serotype 19A was the dominant serotype. Also noteworthy was the detection of pneumococcal serotype 1, Haemophilus influenzae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in these children. 
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