Etiology and pathogenesis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): significance of prematurity and perinatal hypoxic-haemodynamic encephalopathy.

@article{Lou1996EtiologyAP,
  title={Etiology and pathogenesis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): significance of prematurity and perinatal hypoxic-haemodynamic encephalopathy.},
  author={Hans Christensen Lou},
  journal={Acta paediatrica},
  year={1996},
  volume={85 11},
  pages={1266-71}
}
Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), defined as a disorder of awareness with impulsivity, has lately been characterized as a dysfunction of the striatum (neostriatum = globus pallidus + putamen). This structure is in a unique position of contextual analysis and samples information samples information from almost the entire cortex through its spiny neurons. The etiology is heterogeneous, with genetic as well as lesional factors. Among the latter, pre- and perinatal events are… CONTINUE READING

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