Ethylene biosynthesis: processing of a substrate analog supports a radical mechanism for the ethylene-forming enzyme.


BACKGROUND The chemical mechanism of the final step of ethylene biosynthesis (the conversion of 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid, ACC, to ethylene by ACC oxidase, the ethylene-forming enzyme, EFE) is poorly understood. Two possibilities have been suggested: a radical mechanism and an N-hydroxylation mechanism. We investigated reaction pathways available… (More)