Ethyl carbamate precursor citrulline formation from arginine degradation by malolactic wine lactic acid bacteria.

@article{Ordua2000EthylCP,
  title={Ethyl carbamate precursor citrulline formation from arginine degradation by malolactic wine lactic acid bacteria.},
  author={Ram{\'o}n Mira de Ordu{\~n}a and Shi Liu and Mark L. Patchett and G J Pilone},
  journal={FEMS microbiology letters},
  year={2000},
  volume={183 1},
  pages={
          31-5
        }
}
Major commercially available strains for induction of malolactic fermentation in wine were examined for arginine metabolism in a resting cell system at wine pH with the aim of evaluating their ability to excrete and utilize citrulline, a precursor of carcinogenic ethyl carbamate (urethane). All strains tested excreted citrulline from arginine degradation. Citrulline was stored intracellularly during growth in arginine rich medium and was released upon lysis of the cells. All strains were found… CONTINUE READING

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