Production of haloperidol-loaded PLGA nanoparticles for extended controlled drug release of haloperidol.
This study deals with the production of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres using ethyl acetate as a dispersing solvent, a partially water soluble and less toxic solvent, by using emulsification and solvent diffusion/ evaporation techniques. PLGA 50 : 50 was used, having molecular weights, 12000 and 34000 with the end group capped (RG502, 503) and uncapped (RG502H, 503H) biodegradable polymers. The microspheres were loaded with nifedipine (NFD) as a model drug. Solvent removal from the embryonic microspheres was manipulated by adopting different techniques. These methods have shown a significant effect on the physicochemical and release characteristics of the microspheres. Rapid removal of the solvent resulted in microspheres with a loose matrix and large size. Use of higher molecular weight polymers increased the size of the microspheres as well as delayed release of the drug. The uncapped polymer has given a higher rate of diffusion when compared to the capped polymers. Thermal analyses showed a uniform molecular distribution of the drug in the polymer matrix. The mechanism of drug release from the PLGA microspheres followed the Fickian diffusion.