Ethology and stress diseases.

@article{Tinbergen1974EthologyAS,
  title={Ethology and stress diseases.},
  author={Nikolaas Tinbergen},
  journal={Science},
  year={1974},
  volume={185 4145},
  pages={
          20-7
        }
}
Many of us have been surprised at the unconventional decision of the Nobel Foundation to award this year’s prize ‘for Physiology or Medicine’ to three men who had until recently been regarded as ‘mere animal watchers’. Since at least Konrad Lorenz and I could not really be described as physiologists, we must conclude that our scientia amabilis is now being acknowledged as an integral part of the eminently practical field of Medicine. It is for this reason that I have decided to discuss today… 

Ethopathology and Civilization Diseases: Niko and Elisabeth Tinbergen on Autism

  • M. Vicedo
  • Medicine, History
    Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la medecine
  • 2018
Examination of 1973 Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen's use of an evolutionary framework to identify autism as a pathogenic effect of progress shows that his ideas are of special significance for understanding the persistence of the view that civilization poses a risk to human health.

The ‘Disadapted’ Animal: Niko Tinbergen on Human Nature and the Human Predicament

  • M. Vicedo
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2018
Tinbergen’s vision of human nature constitutes another version of what anthropologist Clifford Geertz called in 1966 the “stratigraphic” conception of the human: a view of humannature as a composite of levels in which a universal ancestral biological core is superimposed by psychological and cultural layers that represent accidental variation at best and pathological deviation at worst.

Nocturnalism: an ethological theory of schizophrenia.

Theories of disease causation and the concept of a general susceptibility: a review.

  • J. Najman
  • Philosophy
    Social science & medicine. Medical psychology & medical sociology
  • 1980

The Emergence of Human Nature

Such was Thomas Hobbes’s seventeenth century view of the life of our primeval ancestors. Before the advent of civilisation and the rule of written law, men and women, driven by their inner natures,

From animals to humans

As a DPhil student at Oxford I was doubly fortunate. First, my research supervisor, David Lack, gently accepted that I was not motivated to work on the subject he had intended for me — a comparative

Contribution to the Special Issue on Clinical Ethology: Integrated clinical animal behaviour

It is argued that an integrated approach that synthesizes the strengths of each holds great promise in helping the many animals who need the authors' assistance to survive and thrive in human-dominated environments.
...

References

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The multitude of terms used by psychiatrists to describe serious disturbances in the behaviour and adjustment of children reflects a general uncertainty about their nature and aetiological basis.

Arousal and Childhood Autism

The cardinal symptoms of this syndrome are an inability to form social relationships; an ‘obsessive insistence on the preservation of sameness’ and a catastrophic reaction, which closely resembles infantile rage.

The Croonian Lecture, 1972 - Functional ethology and the human sciences

  • N. Tinbergen
  • Art
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1972
As long as a man feels healthy and happy he tends to take his condition for granted. It does not occur to him that living is like a tightrope act ─ that there are infinitely more ways in which one

The differentiation of childhood psychoses: An analysis of checklists for 2,218 psychotic children

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The author describes his Form E-2 checklist method for the diagnosis of early infantile autism and differentiation of other childhood psychoses, providing a confirmation of Kanner's 1962 estimate that only 10% of his patients called “autistic” by others were correctly diagnosed.

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The following case history of 11-year-old heterozygous twinsdiscordant for early infantile autism is offered as a well-documented clinical situation where environmental factors play a negligible role.

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This review of the literature on childhood autism discusses the clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of the autistic behavioral syndrome from a developmental

Autism in children with congenital rubella

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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia
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It is argued that these data support the concept of organic causation of the syndrome of autism and are compared with that found in two epidemiological studies and also with the rate indicated by other centers studying rubella children.

Das Reafferenzprinzip

~) Wenn man den Strum im Kondensatorkreis um-nittelbar dureh die Spulen Sp~ und Sp~ hindurchsehickt, wird die Phase der Ablenkung des Kathodenstrahlbiindels zur Anfaehung ungeeignet. Die Absicht