Ethological defence mechanisms in insects. I. Passive defence

  title={Ethological defence mechanisms in insects. I. Passive defence},
  author={K. Gromysz-Kałkowska and A. Unkiewicz-Winiarczyk},
  journal={Annales Umcs, Biologia},
The review article describes the ethological defence mechanisms in insects. This group of animals live in all climatic zones and have conquered all the habitats therein. In order not to become prey, insects employ various defence mechanisms - passive and active - or both these forms simultaneously or in a definite order. Because of their great variety, we have focused on passive defence only: the external structure of the body of animals, concealed life (anachoresis), cryptic colouring and body… Expand
Ethological defence mechanisms in insects. III. Chemical defence / Etologiczne mechanizmy obronne owadów. III. Obrona chemiczna
Based on literature data, the chemical defence against predators employed by some insect species is presented in this paper. Active and passive forms of chemical defence based on allomonesExpand
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