• Corpus ID: 39519378

Ethnobotanical classification system and medical ethnobotany of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians

  title={Ethnobotanical classification system and medical ethnobotany of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians},
  author={David N. Cozzo},
The Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians live in one of the planet’s most floristically diverse temperate zone environments. Their relationship with the local flora was initially investigated by James Mooney and revisited by subsequent researchers such as Frans Olbrechts, John Witthoft, and William Banks, among others. This work interprets the collective data recorded by Cherokee ethnographers, much of it in the form of unpublished archival material, as it reflects the Cherokee ethnobotanical… 

The Phytochemistry of Cherokee Aromatic Medicinal Plants

Several Cherokee medicinal plants are still in use today as herbal medicines, including, for example, yarrow, black cohosh, American ginseng, and blue skullcap.

Natural and Cultural History of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

ABSTRACT Yellowroot (Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marshall, Ranunculaceae) is a low-growing deciduous shrub native to hardwood forests in the eastern United States. This review synthesizes existing

The Peachtree Valley and Valley Town mission : a baptist recategorization of a Cherokee landscape

Peachtree Valley in Clay county, North Carolina has a long history of diversity in plant, animal, and human habitation. The Cherokee, who have inhabited the valley for thousands of years, have a

Indian Potato (Ipomoea pandurata, Convolvulaceae)—A Record of Confusion1

Indian Potato (Ipomoea pandurata, Convolvulaceae)—A Record of Confusion. Once European explorers began sending back plants from distant lands, confusion developed regarding their identities. Among

Linguistic Clues to Iroquoian Prehistory

This paper employs a quantitative analysis of lexical data to generate a tree describing the historical relationships among Iroquoian languages. An alternative to glottochronology is used to estimate

Phytochemical Analysis of the Essential Oils From Aerial Parts of Four Scutellaria “Skullcap” Species Cultivated in South Alabama: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, S. Barbata D. Don, S. Incana Biehler, and S. Lateriflora L

Analysis of the essential oil compositions and enantiomeric ratios of predominant aromatic molecules add to the understanding of the medicinal phytochemistry of the genus Scutellaria.

Cherokee Adaptation to the Landscape of the West and Overcoming the Loss of Culturally Significant Plants

  • R. Vick
  • Environmental Science
    American Indian quarterly
  • 2011
Fertile soils and plentiful wildlife provided for the Cherokees, and villages were located throughout the southern half of this territory, which is considered one of the most botanically diverse temperate ecoregions in the world.

Juglans Regia and J. nigra, Two Trees Important in Traditional Medicine: A Comparison of Leaf Essential Oil Compositions and Biological Activities

The presence of eugenol and methyl salicylate in the leaves of J. regia are consistent with the traditional uses of this plant to treat toothache, rheumatism, and fungal infections.

Antimutagenic, antitumor and estrogen receptor binding activity of the rare plant Shortia galacifolia: An ethnobotanical and chemosystematic approach

Antitumor, ER binding and antimutagenic activities of S. galacifolia extracts were identified using rapid bench-top assays and warrant further investigations.

Checklist of vascular plants for Wind River Indian Reservation (USA) high-elevation basins: ecological drivers of community assemblages

Background and aims – Native American reservations in the United States provide biodiversity critical for conservation and ecosystem functions. Unfortunately, botanical inventories are less common



The Nature of Folk‐Botanical Life Forms

Original work by Brent Berlin, Eugene Hunn, Cecil Brown, and other ethnoscientists has produced significantfindings pertaining to claims ofuniversalityforfolk-biological ranks, in general, and

Ethnopharmacology: Biobehavioral Approaches in the Anthropological Study of Indigenous Medicines

A proper study of ethnopharmacology should embrace a broad ecological perspective that is both biobehavioral and multidisciplinary, consistent with some of the central debates in anthropology that seek to comprehend the dynamics of human­ environment relationships and to assess their impact on health and disease.

Arthritis in the prehistoric Southeastern United States: biological and cultural variables.

Re-examination of Cherokee folk beliefs concerning arthritis suggests that they had some recognition of this connection, and it also suggests that the term "magical" may relate more to the world view of the observer than to any actual inability of preliterate peoples to draw causal relations on the basis of their own intimate knowledge of their environments.

Tuberculosis among American Indians of the contiguous United States.

Paleopathologic findings provide strong evidence for the existence of tuberculosis in Andean populations of pre-Columbian America and its possible endemicity among some American Indian tribes who lived within the present-day contiguous United States before the arrival of Europeans.

General Principles of Classification and Nomenclature in Folk Biology

Since about 1954, modern field research has been carried out by a number of ethnographers and biologists in an effort to understand more fully the nature of folk biological classification. Much of

The Influence of Prehistoric Human-set Fires on Oak- Chestnut Forests in the Southern Appalachians

Fossil pollen and charcoal in peat deposits and pond sediments from three sites in the southern Appalachians yielded evidence for a direct relationship between prehistoric Native American use of fire

The Indian Man: A Biography of James Mooney

The Indian Man examines the life of James Mooney (1861-1921), the son of poor Irish immigrants who became a champion of Native peoples and one of the most influential anthropology fieldworkers of all