Ethnic identity and self-esteem: an exploratory longitudinal study.

@article{Phinney1992EthnicIA,
  title={Ethnic identity and self-esteem: an exploratory longitudinal study.},
  author={Jean S. Phinney and V Chavira},
  journal={Journal of adolescence},
  year={1992},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={271-81}
}
Recent models of ethnic identity formation in minority youth suggest a progression over time from an unexamined or diffuse stage to an achieved ethnic identity. To examine changes with age in ethnic identity and self-esteem, eighteen adolescents from three ethnic groups (Asian American, Black, and Hispanic) were assessed at age 16 and three years later. Results of this exploratory study showed a significant change to higher stages of ethnic identity over the three-year period. Self-esteem and… CONTINUE READING