Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars

  title={Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars},
  author={Jose G Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol},
  journal={The American Economic Review},
This paper analyzes the relationship between ethnic fractionalization, polarization, and conflict. In recent years many authors have found empirical evidence that ethnic fractionalization has a negative effect on growth. One mechanism that can explain this nexus is the effect of ethnic heterogeneity on rent-seeking activities and the increase in potential conflict, which is negative for investment. However the empirical evidence supporting the effect of ethnic fractionalization on the incidence… Expand

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