Ethnic Polarization, Ethnic Salience, and Civil War

  title={Ethnic Polarization, Ethnic Salience, and Civil War},
  author={Ravi Bhavnani and Dan Miodownik},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  pages={30 - 49}
This article examines how the relationship between ethnic polarization and civil war could be moderated by different degrees of ethnic salience. Using an agent-based computational model, we analyze the polarization—conflict relationship when ethnic salience is ``fixed''—high for every member of two nominally rival ethnic groups— and ``variable''—permitted to vary across individuals as a function of relative income. We find that (1) when salience is fixed, conflict onset is twice as high at low… Expand

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