Ethnic Enclaves and the Economic Success of Immigrants - Evidence from a Natural Experiment

@article{Edin2001EthnicEA,
  title={Ethnic Enclaves and the Economic Success of Immigrants - Evidence from a Natural Experiment},
  author={Per-Anders Edin and Peter Fredriksson},
  journal={CEPR Discussion Paper Series},
  year={2001}
}
Recent immigrants tend to locate in ethnic ”enclaves” within metropolitan areas. The economic consequence of living in such enclaves is still an unresolved issue. We use an immigrant policy initiative in Sweden, when government authorities distributed refugee immigrants across locales in a way that may be considered exogenous. This policy initiative provides a unique natural experiment, which allows us to estimate the causal effect on labor market outcomes of living in enclaves. We find… Expand
Ethnic Enclaves and Labor Markets: An Analysis of Immigrant Outcomes in California
"The goal of this article is to examine how immigrant enclaves influence labor market outcomes. We examine the effect of ethnic concentrations on earnings in the state of California. Individual-levelExpand
Ethnic Enclaves and the Earnings of Immigrants
TLDR
The research yields minimal support for the enclave thesis, and indicates that for some immigrant groups, ethnic enclave participation actually has a negative effect on economic outcomes. Expand
Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Labor Market Outcomes: Quasi‐Experimental Evidence
I examine the effects of the ethnic enclave size on labor market outcomes of immigrants. I account for ability sorting into enclaves by exploiting a Danish spatial dispersal policy under whichExpand
Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Earnings Growth
The impact of living in an ethnic enclave on earnings growth of immigrants in Canada is examined using the 1981-2001 Censuses. Consistent with U.S. findings, enclaves are found to have a negativeExpand
Ethnic Enclaves and Elite Political Participation:
In this paper, we leverage unique population registry data from Sweden to study whether immigrants’ residence in ethnic enclaves enhances or hinders their propensity to run for political office. ToExpand
Ethnic enclaves and immigrant economic integration
Immigrants are typically not evenly distributed within host countries; instead they tend to cluster in particular neighborhoods. But does clustering in ethnic enclaves help explain the persistentExpand
Ethnic enclaves and self-employment among Middle Eastern immigrants in Sweden: ethnic capital or enclave size?
ABSTRACT We employ geocoded data to explore the effects of ethnic enclaves in Swedish cities on the propensity of Middle Eastern immigrants to transcend from having no employment to self-employment.Expand
Ethnic enclaves and immigrant outcomes: Norwegian immigrants during the Age of Mass Migration
This paper examines the effect of ethnic enclaves on economic outcomes of Norwegian immigrants in 1910 and 1920, the later part of the Age of Mass Migration. Using various identificationExpand
Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Outcomes: Norwegian Immigrants During the Age of Mass Migration
This paper examines the effect of ethnic enclaves on economic outcomes of Norwegian immigrants in 1910 and 1920, the later part of the Age of Mass Migration. Using different identificationExpand
Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Self-employment: A Neighborhood Analysis of Enclave Size and Quality
We explore the effects of neighborhood-level ethnic enclaves on the propensity of immigrants to use business ownership as a vehicle to transcend from labor market outsiders to insiders. We exploit anExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Immigrant settlement policies and subsequent migration
Many countries consider the residential concentration among immigrants a problem. This paper studies the factors influencing individual location decisions and evaluates a Swedish attempt to changeExpand
Economic impact of international migration and the economic performance of migrants.
In the following section of this chapter we begin by documenting the numbers and characteristics of international migrants to selected developed countries. We next survey some of the economic factorsExpand
The Social Origins of the Cuban Enclave Economy of Miami
Recent field work on the origins of the Cuban ethnic economy in South Florida is reviewed in the context of competing theories of minority entrepreneurship. Sociological theories that emphasizeExpand
Where Do the New U.S. Immigrants Live?
  • A. Bartel
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Journal of Labor Economics
  • 1989
TLDR
These immigrants are more geographically concentrated than natives of the same age and ethnicity and reside in cities with large ethnic populations, and internal migration within the United States occurs more frequently among immigrants than natives and facilitates the process of assimilation for the more educated individuals. Expand
Are Ghettos Good or Bad?
Theory suggests that spatial separation of racial and ethnic groups can have both positive and negative effects on the economic performance of minorities. Racial segregation may be damaging becauseExpand
Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human Capital Externalities
The socioeconomic performance of today's workers depends not only on parental skills, but also on the average skills of the ethnic group in the parent's generation (or ethnic capital). This paperExpand
Attitudes to Ethnic Minorities, Ethnic Context and Location Decisions
The attitudes of ethnic majority populations towards other communities is a potentially important determinant of social exclusion and of the welfare of ethnic minorities. The suggestion that negativeExpand
Refugee Immigrants in Sweden - educational investments and labour market integration
This thesis analyses educational investments and labour market attachment for refugee immigrants who received a permanent visa to Sweden during 1987-1991. It consists of five self-contained chapters.Expand
The Economics of Immigration
  • G. Borjas
  • Economics
  • Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the New Immigration
  • 2018
This literature review concerns the impact of immigration on the economy of the host country focusing on the experience of the United States. The emphasis is on the period from the 1970s to theExpand
To Ghetto or Not to Ghetto: Ethnicity and Residential Segregation
This paper analyzes the link between ethnicity and the choice of residing in ethnically segregated neighborhoods. Data drawn from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth show that there existExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...