Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Outcomes: Norwegian Immigrants During the Age of Mass Migration

@article{Eriksson2019EthnicEA,
  title={Ethnic Enclaves and Immigrant Outcomes: Norwegian Immigrants During the Age of Mass Migration},
  author={Katherine Amelia Eriksson},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={2019}
}
  • K. Eriksson
  • Published 1 June 2018
  • Economics
  • NBER Working Paper Series
This paper examines the effect of ethnic enclaves on economic outcomes of Norwegian immigrants in 1910 and 1920, the later part of the Age of Mass Migration. Using various identification strategies, including county fixed effects and an instrumental variables strategy based on chain migration, I consistently find that Norwegians living in larger enclaves in the United States had lower occupational earnings, were more likely to be in farming occupations, and were less likely to be in white… 
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