Ethnic Diversity, Issues, and International Crisis Dynamics, 1918-2002

  title={Ethnic Diversity, Issues, and International Crisis Dynamics, 1918-2002},
  author={Meirav Mishali-Ram},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={583 - 600}
  • Meirav Mishali-Ram
  • Published 30 August 2006
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • Journal of Peace Research
Ethnic conflict is prominent and recurrent in contemporary world politics, expressed in both internal and international disputes. The main goal of this study is to link ethnic conflict at the state level and its spillover to international conflict and crisis. More specifically, it examines the relationship between particular ethnic dimensions and international crises. The examination focuses on ethnic diversity among adversaries and ethnic issues within interstate confrontations, and their… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Crisis managers but not conflict resolvers: Mediating ethnic intrastate conflict in Africa
Instability and conflict within African countries are on the rise. What are the best means for third parties to promote short-term crisis management and long-term conflict resolution in these
Considering the increasing role of nonstate political actors in world events, this article examines the influence of these players on international crisis dynamics. A theoretical index is developed
Armed-conflict risks enhanced by climate-related disasters in ethnically fractionalized countries
It is hypothesized that climate-related disaster occurrence enhances armed-conflict outbreak risk in ethnically fractionalized countries and this observation has important implications for future security policies as several of the world’s most conflict-prone regions are both exceptionally vulnerable to anthropogenic climate change and characterized by deep ethnic divides.
When Ethnicity and Religion Meet: Kinship Ties and Cross-Border Dynamics in the Afghan-Pakistani Conflict Zone
This article offers a framework for understanding civil strife, synthesizing subnational and transnational dimensions of kinship ties. While existing research generally distinguishes between
Rivalry, Instability, and the Probability of International Conflict 1
This article addresses the effect of political instability and domestic conflict on the probability of militarized interstate disputes. Existing research on the subject has produced inconsistent
Body and Soul: Governmental and Communal Attributes of State Vulnerability to Violent Civil Strife
The study presents an integrated model which places the link between the competing state-centric and sub-state explanations of civil strife. As state's capacity and communal fractionalization are
Afghanistan: A Legacy of Violence? Internal and External Factors of the Enduring Violent Conflict
Afghanistan has been the scene of enduring violent conflict for three decades, yet the sources of its conflict date back to the establishment of the Afghan state in the eighteenth century. The
Successful Examples of Minority Governance - The Cases of the Åland Islands and South Tyrol
The study undertakes two examples of successful conflict resolutions within their respective states. The cases of the Aland Islands and South Tyrol share a lot of similarities but also some
Precrisis military hostility and escalation in international crises
Why do some international crises escalate into violence while others do not? I argue that an understanding of crisis behavior necessitates awareness of the processes preceding a crisis and propose
Demography and security, a complex nexus: the case of the Balkans
Demographic shifts, settlement patterns and population movements profoundly alter the geo-political landscape with important ramifications for human security. Though the theoretical framework is not


The Ethnic-State Perspective in International Crises: A theoretical framework applied to the Arab-Israel conflict 1947-2000
Interstate and ethnic conflicts have occurred throughout the twentieth century, but in the closing decade of the century ethnic strife has become salient. This study draws upon crisis theory and
The International Dimensions of Ethnic Conflict: Concepts, Indicators, and Theory
One of the growing debates among students of international politics concerns the precise linkage between ethnic conflict and international conflict. The present investigation attempts to contribute
The Rise of Religious Nationalism and Conflict: Ethnic Conflict and Revolutionary Wars, 1945-2001
This study examines the role of religion in ethnic nationalism and revolutionary wars between 1945 and 2001 using the Minorities at Risk (MAR) and State Failure (SF) datasets. It asks whether
Minorities at risk: A global view of ethnopolitical conflicts
The turmoil in Yugoslavia, the rebellions of the Kurds and Shi???is in Iraq, the ongoing struggle in South Africa???ethnic conflict continues unabated in many areas of the world.To help us understand
A study of crisis
As the twentieth century draws to a close, it is time to look back on an epoch of widespread turmoil, including two world wars, the end of the colonial era in world history, and a large number of
Internal Constraints and Interstate Ethnic Conflict
Two theoretical orientations, the instrumental and affective, have purported to explain interstate ethnic conflict. This investigation provides an initial assessment of the ability of affective
Why Minorities Rebel: A Global Analysis of Communal Mobilization and Conflict since 1945
  • T. Gurr
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 1993
Political protest and rebellion by communal groups has become a major impetus to domestic and international political change. This study uses new coded data on 227 communal groups throughout the
Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars
Ethnic civil wars are burning in Bosnia, Croatia, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola, Sudan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Chechnya, Tajikistan, Kashmir, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka, and are threatening to break out
Peoples Against States: Ethnopolitical Conflict and the Changing World System1994 Presidential Address
The post—Cold War surge in so-called tribal conflict is shown here to be the continuation of a trend that began in the 1960s. The main issue of the fifty most serious current ethnopolitical conflicts
Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil Wars Have the Same Causes?
A booming quantitative literature on large-scale political violence has identified important economic and political determinants of civil war. That literature has treated civil war as an aggregate