Ethics of genetic testing and research in sport: a position statement from the Australian Institute of Sport

@article{Vlahovich2016EthicsOG,
  title={Ethics of genetic testing and research in sport: a position statement from the Australian Institute of Sport},
  author={Nicole Vlahovich and Peter A. Fricker and Matthew A. Brown and David C Hughes},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2016},
  volume={51},
  pages={5 - 11}
}
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent… 

Exploring the Regulation of Genetic Testing in Sport

This article investigates the legal implications of the use of genetic testing in sport, that is, the analysis of human DNA to detect particular genetic traits and variations, or susceptibility to

The current use, and opinions of elite athletes and support staff in relation to genetic testing in elite sport within the UK

Investigation of the current use of genetic testing in UK elite sport and how genetic testing might be received by those employed in elite sport found a belief that genetics is an important factor in determining an athlete and there is a willingness to engage in genetic testing for sports performance and injury susceptibility.

Can Genetic Testing Identify Talent for Sport?

The extent of the genetic influence on the making of a sporting champion is explored and issues which, at present, hamper the utility of genetic testing are described, as well as ways in which genetic information may hold utility within elite sport in the future.

Genetics and the Elite Athlete: Our Understanding in 2020.

The current review examines the published literature and looks at three important factors: genetic polymorphism influencing sporting ability, gene doping and genetic tendency to injury.

Ethics, Genetic Technologies and Equine Sports: The Prospect of Regulation of a Modified Therapeutic Use Exemption Policy

It is argued that regulatory institutions should urgently collaborate to develop cross-sport international regulations for the use of gene editing, including obligatory reporting of data about the health and welfare of genetically edited horses.

Genetic testing for exercise prescription and injury prevention: AIS-Athlome consortium-FIMS joint statement

There is no current clinical application for genetic testing in the area of exercise prescription and injury prevention, however the necessary steps are outlined for the development of evidence-based clinical applications involving genetic testing.

Genetic Testing by Sports Medicine Physicians in the United States: Attitudes, Experiences, and Knowledge

The findings of the study indicate that sports medicine physicians require further genetics education as it relates to sports and exercise in order to be prepared to competently engage with their patients and to develop sound professional organizational policies.

The Potential Role of Genetic Markers in Talent Identification and Athlete Assessment in Elite Sport

The effects of a number of candidate genes on athletic performance, across single-skilled and multifaceted sporting codes, are discussed, and additional markers for the identification of motor skill acquisition and learning are proposed.

Genetic Testing in Professional Football: Perspectives of Key Stakeholders

Genetic testing is rarely used within professional football, although key stakeholders anticipate that it will be utilised more in the future, and educational support may prove valuable in improving key stakeholder knowledge and the practical application of genetic testing in professional football.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES

Direct-to-consumer genetic testing for predicting sports performance and talent identification: Consensus statement

In the current state of knowledge, no child or young athlete should be exposed to DTC genetic testing to define or alter training or for talent identification aimed at selecting gifted children or adolescents.

Genetics and sport performance: current challenges and directions to the future

The current status of the field is summarized, discussing the implications of available knowledge for the practice of professionals involved with the sport and suggesting future directions for research.

Direct-to-consumer genetic testing for predicting sports performance and talent identi fi cation: Consensus statement

In the current state of knowledge, no child or young athlete should be exposed to DTC genetic testing to alter training or for talent identi fi cation aimed at selecting gifted children or adolescents.

Genetic Testing by Sports Medicine Physicians in the United States: Attitudes, Experiences, and Knowledge

The findings of the study indicate that sports medicine physicians require further genetics education as it relates to sports and exercise in order to be prepared to competently engage with their patients and to develop sound professional organizational policies.

Genes for Elite Power and Sprint Performance: ACTN3 Leads the Way

Of the polymorphisms associated with elite power and sprint performance, the α-actinin-3 R577X polymorphism provides the most consistent results and is the only gene that shows a genotype and performance association across multiple cohorts of elite power athletes.

Genetic biomarkers and exercise-related injuries: current clinical applications?

Owing to the large number of possible special investigations, the clinician has a very important responsibility to choose special investigations on the basis that there is a clear indication to perform the test, tests are based on sound scientific evidence, and that the result will substantially alter clinical decision making to the benefit of the patient.

Elite endurance athletes and the ACE I allele – the role of genes in athletic performance

DNA polymorphisms derived from the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), the ang Elliotensin type 1 receptor (AT1) and the angiotsin type 2 receptors (AT2) were studied in 64 Australian national rowers and it is proposed that the underlying mechanism relates to a healthier cardiovascular system.

The Association of Sport Performance with ACE and ACTN3 Genetic Polymorphisms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The results provide more solid evidence for the associations between ACE II genotype and endurance events and between ACTN3 R allele and power events and suggest that the genetic profiles might influence human physical performance.

Developing An SMA Position on Genetic Testing

The Sports Medicine Australia (SMA) National Board has issued guidelines relevant to genetic testing of children particularly to avoid any kind of bias against specific individuals. The 'Position
...