Ethics of Chemical Weapons Research: Poison Gas in World War One

@inproceedings{Schummer2021EthicsOC,
  title={Ethics of Chemical Weapons Research: Poison Gas in World War One},
  author={J. Schummer},
  year={2021}
}
This paper first provides a brief narrative of the research, development, and deployment of poison gases in WWI as well as of the subsequent history of chemical warfare and international conventions to ban it. Because chemical weapons research is still allowed by national and international laws, and indeed widely conducted, it is a primary case for ethical investigation. The analysis shows that chemical weapons research is morally wrong by all major ethical theories, i.e. by both utilitarianism… Expand

Tables from this paper

A minimum data set of user profile or electronic health record for chemical warfare victims’ recommender system
TLDR
Determining minimum data set for user profile or user's electronic health record in the recommender system for chemical warfare victims helps the health authorities to implement theRecommender system which demonstrates chemical Warfare victims' needs. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
The Poisonous Cloud: Chemical Warfare in the First World War
The author examines fully the military role of chemical warfare and its effects on the people, industries, and administrations on both sides; he also considers the growing moral problems it created.Expand
Science, Ethics and War: A Pacifist’s Perspective
  • J. Kovac
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Sci. Eng. Ethics
  • 2013
This article considers the ethical aspects of the question: should a scientist engage in war-related research, particularly use-inspired or applied research directed at the development of the meansExpand
Ethics of Chemical Synthesis
Unlike other branches of science, the scientific products of synthetic chemistry are not only ideas but also new substances that change our material world, for the benefit or harm of living beings.Expand
The Scientist as Expert: Fritz Haber and German Chemical Warfare During the First World War and Beyond
In the course of the First World War, scientists who would in peacetime generate new knowledge assumed the role of experts, i.e., professionals who made extant knowledge accessible to non-scientistExpand
Military-Industrial Interactions in the Development of Chemical Warfare, 1914–1918: Comparing National Cases Within the Technological System of the Great War
This chapter examines the development of chemical warfare on the Western Front in the context of the large-scale technological systems developed by each of the major powers—Germany, France, Britain,Expand
Ethics and Military Research
This paper discusses the personal moral responsibility of scientists contributing to military research. A number of arguments defending the view that scientists do not carry any responsibility (orExpand
April 1915: Five future Nobel Prize–winners inaugurate weapons of mass destruction and the academic–industrial–military complex
  • W. Kloot
  • Sociology
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
  • 2004
Poison gas warfare was initiated in the Great War by a German military unit that included five future Nobel laureates: James Franck, Fritz Haber, Otto Hahn, Gustav Hertz and Walther Nernst. It wasExpand
The Chemists' War: 1914-1918
More than Chemical Warfare The Neglected Face of the War A Single Round of Firearm Ammunition Whaling for World War One Acetone and the Birth of a State An Element of War The Synthesis of War KhakiExpand
The Next War
In The Next War, former U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and bestselling author Peter Schweizer dramatize the outbreak, progress, and outcome of major wars most likely to occur over the nextExpand
Fritz Haber, 1868-1934 : eine Biographie
...
1
2
...