Ethical guidelines for COVID-19 tracing apps

@article{Morley2020EthicalGF,
  title={Ethical guidelines for COVID-19 tracing apps},
  author={Jessica Morley and Josh Cowls and Mariarosaria Taddeo and L. Floridi},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2020},
  volume={582},
  pages={29-31}
}
Protect privacy, equality and fairness in digital contact tracing with these key questions. Protect privacy, equality and fairness in digital contact tracing with these key questions. 

Tracing app technology: an ethical review in the COVID-19 era and directions for post-COVID-19

TLDR
A systematic literature review on the ethical considerations of the use of contact tracing app technology, which was extensively implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, suggests there are seven essential ethical considerations, namely privacy, security, acceptability, government surveillance, transparency, justice, and voluntariness in the ethical use of this technology.

Designing for a pandemic: towards recovery and resilience

Design is recognized as a discipline that is ideally placed to work across boundaries to tackle wicked problems and help cope with uncertainty. As humanity continues to become more interconnected it

A Survey of Requirements for COVID-19 Mitigation Strategies. Part II: Elicitation of Requirements

TLDR
It is proposed that multi-agent systems can provide a common platform to study (and balance) their essential properties, and it is shown how to obtain a comprehensive list of the properties by "distilling" them from media snippets.

A Survey of Requirements for COVID-19 Mitigation Strategies. Part I: Newspaper Clips

TLDR
A number of news clips that mention the possible goals and requirements for a mitigation strategy are collected, sorted thematically into several categories, such as health-related goals, social and political impact, civil rights, ethical requirements, and so on.

Safeguarding European values with digital sovereignty: an analysis of statements and policies

: The European Union (EU) has, with increasing frequency, outlined an intention to strengthen its “digital sovereignty” as a basis for safeguarding European values in the digital age. Yet,

Applied Ethics and Digital Information Privacy: Informing the Design of Covid-19 Contact Tracing Apps

TLDR
This work identifies normative and technical principles for the design of privacy-sensitive contact tracing apps used in Australia, France, Germany, Japan, and New Zealand and discusses how the apps protect users’ information privacy through limiting access to and allowing users to actively manage their personal information.

Best Practice Guidance for Digital Contact Tracing Apps: A Cross-disciplinary Review of the Literature

TLDR
Key considerations and best practice guidance for the design of the ideal digital contact tracing app were derived from the literature and should be voluntary, equitably available and accessible.

From Pandemic Control to Data-Driven Governance: The Case of China’s Health Code

  • Wanshu Cong
  • Political Science
    Frontiers in Political Science
  • 2021
Current debates over digital contact tracing mainly focus on the tools and experiences in the West. China’s health code, while often seen as one of the earliest and most widely adopted apps since the

COVID-19 infection: Disease detection and mobile technology

TLDR
A COVID-19 literature review from various sources that include data from the published articles as well as World Health Organization reports on coronavirus disease and how mobile technology is useful to fight against this disease is performed.

Digital contact-tracing adoption in the COVID-19 pandemic: IT governance for collective action at the societal level

TLDR
It is shown that there are no globally ideal approaches but only locally contextualised ones that depend on immediate health risk, prior experience with pandemics, societal values and national culture, role of government, trust in government and trust in technology in each society.
...

References

SHOWING 1-3 OF 3 REFERENCES

Quantifying SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests epidemic control with digital contact tracing

TLDR
A mathematical model for infectiousness was developed to estimate the basic reproductive number R0 and to quantify the contribution of different transmission routes and the requirements for successful contact tracing, and the combination of two key parameters needed to reduce R0 to less than 1 was determined.

Efficacy of contact tracing for the containment of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19)

TLDR
The current contact tracing strategy within the UK is likely to identify a sufficient proportion of infected individuals such that subsequent spread could be prevented, although the ultimate success will depend on the rapid detection of cases and isolation of contacts.

Soft ethics, the governance of the digital and the General Data Protection Regulation

  • L. Floridi
  • Political Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2018
TLDR
The article discusses the governance of the digital as the new challenge posed by technological innovation and introduces a new distinction between soft ethics, which applies after legal compliance with legislation, and hard Ethics, which precedes and contributes to shape legislation.