Ethical guidelines for COVID-19 tracing apps

  title={Ethical guidelines for COVID-19 tracing apps},
  author={Jessica Morley and Josh Cowls and Mariarosaria Taddeo and L. Floridi},
Protect privacy, equality and fairness in digital contact tracing with these key questions. Protect privacy, equality and fairness in digital contact tracing with these key questions. 
A Survey of Requirements for COVID-19 Mitigation Strategies. Part II: Elicitation of Requirements
It is proposed that multi-agent systems can provide a common platform to study (and balance) their essential properties, and it is shown how to obtain a comprehensive list of the properties by "distilling" them from media snippets. Expand
Tracing app technology: An ethical review in the COVID-19 era and directions for post-COVID-19
A systematic literature review on the ethical considerations of the use of contact tracing app technology, which was extensively implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, suggests there are seven essential ethical considerations—privacy, security, acceptability, government surveillance, transparency, justice, and voluntariness—in the ethical use of this technology. Expand
A Survey of Requirements for COVID-19 Mitigation Strategies. Part I: Newspaper Clips
A number of news clips that mention the possible goals and requirements for a mitigation strategy are collected, sorted thematically into several categories, such as health-related goals, social and political impact, civil rights, ethical requirements, and so on. Expand
Best Practice Guidance for Digital Contact Tracing Apps: A Cross-disciplinary Review of the Literature
Key considerations and best practice guidance for the design of the ideal digital contact tracing app were derived from the literature and should be voluntary, equitably available and accessible. Expand
COVID-19 infection: Disease detection and mobile technology
A COVID-19 literature review from various sources that include data from the published articles as well as World Health Organization reports on coronavirus disease and how mobile technology is useful to fight against this disease is performed. Expand
COVID-19: digital contact tracing technologies and ethical challenges
Along with social distancing, massive efforts in contact tracing have paid off in containing the COVID-19 pandemic in the China. Expand
Digital contact-tracing adoption in the COVID-19 pandemic: IT governance for collective action at the societal level
It is shown that there are no globally ideal approaches but only locally contextualised ones that depend on immediate health risk, prior experience with pandemics, societal values and national culture, role of government, trust in government and trust in technology in each society. Expand
Sham Legality: Analyzing Taiwanese Experiences in Responding to COVID-19 in 2020
AbstractModern governments strive to enhance their emergency management capacity and establish multiple policy tools that can help reduce damage caused by natural and human hazards. Among these ins...
A Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence-Based, Patient-Centric Healthcare System for Combating the COVID-19 Pandemic: Opportunities and Applications
An overview of digital healthcare services and problems that have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic and a conceptually propose a decentralized, patient-centric healthcare framework based on blockchain and AI to mitigate CO VID-19 challenges are conceptually proposed. Expand
A case for location based contact tracing
It is found that bulletin board contact tracing gives comparable results in terms of the reproductive number, duration, prevalence and incidence but is less resource intensive, easier to implement and offers a wider range of privacy options. Expand


Quantifying SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests epidemic control with digital contact tracing
A mathematical model for infectiousness was developed to estimate the basic reproductive number R0 and to quantify the contribution of different transmission routes and the requirements for successful contact tracing, and the combination of two key parameters needed to reduce R0 to less than 1 was determined. Expand
The Efficacy of Contact Tracing for the Containment of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19).
Taking recent estimates for COVID-19 transmission, it is shown that less than 1 in 5 cases will generate any subsequent untraced cases, although this comes at a high logistical burden with an average of 36.1 individuals traced per case. Expand
Soft ethics, the governance of the digital and the General Data Protection Regulation
  • L. Floridi
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2018
The article discusses the governance of the digital as the new challenge posed by technological innovation and introduces a new distinction between soft ethics, which applies after legal compliance with legislation, and hard Ethics, which precedes and contributes to shape legislation. Expand