Ethical Aspects of Computational Neuroscience

@article{Bancroft2013EthicalAO,
  title={Ethical Aspects of Computational Neuroscience},
  author={Tyler D. Bancroft},
  journal={Neuroethics},
  year={2013},
  volume={6},
  pages={415-418}
}
Recent research in computational neuroscience has demonstrated that we now possess the ability to simulate neural systems in significant detail and on a large scale. Simulations on the scale of a human brain have recently been reported. The ability to simulate entire brains (or significant portions thereof) would be a revolutionary scientific advance, with substantial benefits for brain science. However, the prospect of whole-brain simulation comes with a set of new and unique ethical questions… 
2 Citations

Research Ethics in Conscious Subjects: Old Questions, New Contexts

  • Gidon Felsen
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 2019

Investigating the Roles of Neuroscience and Knowledge Management in Higher Education

This chapter explains the current trends in higher education, the overview of neuroscience, the multifaceted applications of neuroscience, the overview of knowledge management (KM), the perspectives

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES

The brain-mind quiddity: ethical issues in the use of human brain tissue for therapeutic and scientific purposes.

A discussion of the ethical issues of using human brain tissue for research and brain transplantation has been organized around nine broadly defined topic areas.

Large-scale model of mammalian thalamocortical systems

The model exhibits behavioral regimes of normal brain activity that were not explicitly built-in but emerged spontaneously as the result of interactions among anatomical and dynamic processes, including spontaneous activity, sensitivity to changes in individual neurons, emergence of waves and rhythms, and functional connectivity on different scales.

Neocortical neuron number in humans: Effect of sex and age

Sex and age were the main determinants of the total number of neurons in the human neocortex, whereas body size, per se, had no influence on neuron number.

Consciousness and the Binding Problem

  • W. Singer
  • Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2001
It is concluded that phenomenal awareness is amenable to neurobiological reductionism; but it is also proposed that self‐consciousness requires a different explanatory approach because it emerges from the dialogue between different brains and hence has the quality of a cultural construct.

Consciousness and the structure of neuronal representations.

  • W. Singer
  • Biology, Psychology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1998
The hypothesis is defended that brains expressing phenomenal awareness are capable of generating metarepresentations of their cognitive processes, these metare Presentations resulting from an iteration of self-similar cortical operations, and it is argued that central states favouring the formation of assembly-based representations are similar to those favouring awareness.

Minds, brains, and programs

  • J. Searle
  • Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking.

Neurophysiology and Functional Neuroanatomy of Pain Perception

  • A. SchnitzlerM. Ploner
  • Biology, Psychology
    Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
  • 2000
The authors review the evidence on which the proposed relationship between cortical areas, pain-related neural activations, and components of pain perception is based.

Simple cellular and network control principles govern complex patterns of motor behavior

This work uses a biophysically detailed, full-scale computational model of the lamprey CPG (10,000 neurons) and its brainstem/forebrain control to demonstrate general control principles that can adapt the network to different demands.

On a confusion about a function of consciousness

  • N. Block
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1995
This target article uses as an example a form of reasoning about a function of “consciousness” based on the phenomenon of blindsight, where an obvious function of the machinery of accessconsciousness is illicitly transferred to phenomenal consciousness.