Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals

@article{Farrell2006EthanolCC,
  title={Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals},
  author={Alex Farrell and Richard J. Plevin and Brian T. Turner and Andrew D. Jones and Michael O'hare and Daniel M. Kammen},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={506 - 508}
}
To study the potential effects of increased biofuel use, we evaluated six representative analyses of fuel ethanol. Studies that reported negative net energy incorrectly ignored coproducts and used some obsolete data. All studies indicated that current corn ethanol technologies are much less petroleum-intensive than gasoline but have greenhouse gas emissions similar to those of gasoline. However, many important environmental effects of biofuel production are poorly understood. New metrics that… 

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