Estimation of the fluence of high‐energy electron bursts produced by thunderclouds and the resulting radiation doses received in aircraft


[1] Using recent X‐ray and gamma‐ray observations of terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes (TGFs) from spacecraft and of natural and rocket‐triggered lightning from the ground, along with detailed models of energetic particle transport, we calculate the fluence (integrated flux) of high‐energy (million electronvolt) electrons, X rays, and gamma rays likely to be… (More)


5 Figures and Tables