Estimation of environmentally relevant chemical properties of veterinary ionophore antibiotics.

Monensin (MON) and salinomycin (SAL), known as polyether ionophore antibiotics (IPAs), are extensively used in livestock industry and can enter the environment via animal manure and agricultural runoff. Although some studies have investigated the environmental fate and transformation of IPAs, the lack of information on IPAs' aqueous-phase chemical… CONTINUE READING