Estimation of bending behavior of an ionic polymer metal composite actuator using a nonlinear black-box model


An ion polymer metal composite (IPMC) is an electro-active polymer that bends in response to a small applied electrical field as a result of mobility of cations in the polymer network and vice versa. This paper presents a novel accurate nonlinear black-box model (NBBM) for estimating the bending behavior of IPMC. The NBBM is based on a recurrent multi-layer… (More)

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